Karpenko Physico-Mechanical Institute of NASU, founded in Lviv in 1951, is the largest scientific institution in the Western region of Ukraine.
Scientific researches of the Institute in the field of fracture mechanics and materials strength occupied the leading position in the world scientific community.
There are three well-developed trends in which the Institute conducts its main scientific investigations:
At present the institute consist of 20 scientific departments employing 350 scientists including 6 Members of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 35 Doctors of Sciences (Sc.D.) and 105 Candidates of Sciences (Ph.D.)
Since 1965 the Institute publishes the journal "Physico-chemical Mechanics of Materials" that became one of the leading journals in physical and chemical mechanics of fracture, the environmental influence on the material strength, creation of theory, methods and technologies for the protection of metals against corrosion. Kluwer Publishing translates the journal into English as "Material Science".
Owing to the Institute's activity, Ukraine became a member of the European Structural Integrity Society (ESIS) in 1992 and the International Congress of Fracture (ICF) in 1993. Since that time PhMI has proved to be an authoritative scientific institution of Ukraine on problems of physico-chemical fracture mechanics and material strength in the world scientific community, and regularly organises international conferences on these problems (1987, 1993, 1999). Since 1992 the Institute has organised authoritative biennial international conferences on Metal Corrosion. On the Institute's and Ukrainian Association of Corrosion initiative Ukraine became a member of the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), and the International Corrosion Council (ICC).
The high international regard for the Institute, as a leading scientific institution on physico-chemical fracture mechanics and strength of materials, was underlined by the decision of the International Congress of Fracture to hold the 8th International Conference on Fracture in 1993 in Kyiv and recognition of the Physico-Mechanical Institute as a central organization of Ukraine in these fields.
The director of the Institute Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Prof. Volodymyr Panasyuk was elected the ICF Vice-President (1993-1997). Now Prof. Panasiuk V.V. represents Ukraine in the European structural Integrity Society as ESIS Council member (since 1992). He was awarded the honorary title "Doctor Honoris Causa" of Wroclaw Univercity (Poland, 1997) and also Griffith Medal of the European Structural Integrity Society (ESIS, 2000).